This academic paper is the main chapter of my dissertation, which has the same name.
Here is a summary of the paper:
What makes it the case that something is evidence for a hypothesis? Many people
think that evidential relations, e.g. “e is evidence for h”, are out there in the world for
us to discover. By contrast, I develop a social view of evidence, on which what is
evidence for what is decided by groups in the process of social deliberation.
I support this view by showing that it explains key epistemic phenomena, such as the
normative force of evidence and resistance to evidence. A controversial but
illuminating consequence of the view is that evidence is inherently political.